CSIRO Banner

Thrips and Tospoviruses:
Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Thysanoptera

This Symposium, officially titled Thrips, Plants, Tospoviruses: the Millennial Review, was held in Reggio Calabria, Italy, from the 2-7th of July 2001. The intention was to bring together the various kinds of biologists who are interested in the interactions between these three different types of organism.

The meetings themselves proved very successful, despite some tospovirus workers indicating that they had no interest in thrips, and some thrips workers indicating that they had no interest in viruses. This was not unexpected. But the fact remains that tospoviruses are dependent on thrips for their survival in the field, and thrips are much more important as crop pests when they are vectoring tospoviruses. Moreover, the many biological phenomena involved in the interactions between plants, topoviruses and thrips remain remarkably little understood, in particular the origin (or origins) of their relationships. Indeed, one of the strongest signals coming from the meetings concerned our lack of evolutionary understanding, and thus our inability to predict the past or future trajectory of these relationships.

The 59 submitted papers were issued on a cd-rom as a single electronic .pdf file that is fully searchable by computer but can be printed out in colour as a 390-page volume by anyone who would like a hard copy in their library. Copies of this cd-rom are available without charge from: laurence.mound@csiro.au

Rita Marullo & Laurence Mound [eds]


To open the PDF file links below, you will need Acrobat Reader. If you don't have Acrobat Reader installed, you will need to get Acrobat Reader.


Section I: THRIPS VECTORS OF TOSPOVIRUSES (all links below to PDF files)

So many thrips - so few tospoviruses?
Laurence Mound

The pest and vector from the East: Thrips palmi.
Tamotsu Murai

The pest and vector from the West: Frankliniella occidentalis.
William D.J. Kirk


The transmission specificity and efficiency of tospoviruses.
Tatsuya Nagata, Ana Carla Leite Almeida, Renato de Oliveira Resende & Antonio Carlos de �vila

The route of TSWV inside the thrips body in relation to transmission efficiency.
Kritzman, A., Gera, A., Raccah, B., Lent, J.W.M van, and Peters, D.

Impeded transmission of defective isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus by Frankliniella occidentalis.
Tatsuya Nagata, Alice K. Inoue-Nagata, Marcel Prins, Rob Goldbach and Dick Peters

Intraspecific variation in transmission of TSWV by Frankliniella occidentalis result from distinct virus accumulation.
Sakurai, T., Inoue, T. and Murai, T.

Accumulation and transmission of TSWV at larval and adult stages in six thrips species: distinct patterns between Frankliniella and Thrips.
Toshiro Inoue, Tamito Sakurai, Tamotsu Murai, and Takanori Maeda


Thrips tabaci: an ambiguous vector of TSWV in perspective.
Elisavet Chatzivassiliou

The vector capability of Thrips tabaci.
G�bor Jenser, �gnes Sz�n�si, Ast�ria Alm�si and Richard G�borj�nyi

Efficiency of north western Italian thrips populations in transmitting tospoviruses.
Tavella L., Tedeschi R., Mason G., Roggero P.

Aspects of vector thrips biology and epidemiology of tospoviruses in Australia.
Clift, A.D. and Tesoriero, L.


Transmission of Iris Yellow Spot Tospovirus.
Kritzman, A., Raccah, B. and Gera, A.

Characterization of Tomato chlorotic spot virus from hydroponic grown lettuce in Brazil.
Addolorata Colariccio, Marcelo Eiras, Alexandre L. R. Chaves, Ricardo Harakava and C�sar M. Chagas

Resistance to tospoviruses in pepper.
P. Roggero, S. Pennazio, V. Masenga, and L. Tavella

Management of TSWV on tomatoes with UV-reflective mulch and acibenzolar-S-methyl.
M. T. Momol, J.E. Funderburk, S. Olson and J. Stavisky

N – N and N – RNA Interactions in TSWV.
Gregor Bucher, Joachim Uhrig, Jana Hackbusch & Peter Schreier


Ecology of thrips.
Joe Funderburk

Predation of Frankliniella occidentalis by Orius insidiosus on plant hosts serving as sources of populations infesting fruit orchards.
Renato Ripa, Fernando Rodriguez, Joe Funderburk and Fernanda Espinoza

Interspecific variation in behavior and its role in thrips ecology.
Stuart R. Reitz, Joe E. Funderburk, Eric A. Hansen, Ignacio Baez, Scot Waring and Suresh Ramachandran

Influence of parasitism by Thripinema fuscum on dynamics of local populations of Frankliniella fusca.
Julianne Stavisky, Joe Funderburk, Tim Momol, and Dan Gorbet

Recent advances in the nutritional ecology of Thysanoptera, or the lack thereof.
Brent V. Brodbeck, Joseph Funderburk, Julie Stavisky, Peter C. Andersen and Jan Hulshof


Thrips: the primeval pollinators?
Irene L. Terry

Sex-biased herbivory in Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) by a specialist thrips (Heterothrips arisaemae).
Ilka C. Feller, Hiroshe Kudoh, Christopher E. Tanner, and Dennis F. Whigham

Western flower thrips feeding on pollen, and its implications for control.
Jan Hulshof and Irene V�nninen

Preference and performance of western flower thrips.
Willem Jan de Kogel

Effects of plant volatiles on the feeding and oviposition of Thrips tabaci.
Elizabeth Koschier and Katrin A. Sedy

Thrips responses to plant odours.
Willem Jan de Kogel and Elizabeth Koschier

Growth damage and silvery damage in chrysanthemum caused by Frankliniella occidentalis is related to leaf food quality.
S.Y. Fung, I. Kuiper, C.M. van Dijke-Hermans and E. van der Meijden


A push-pull strategy for improving biological control of western flower thrips on chrysanthemums.
Jude Bennison, K. Maulden, S. Dewhurst, E. Pow, P. Slatter and L. Wadhams

Monitoring Pezothrips kellyanus on citrus in eastern Sicily.
F. Conti, R. Tumminelli, C. Amico, R. Fisicaro, C. Frittitta, G. Perrotta and R. Marullo

Thrips tabaci as a pest of leek cultivated in different conditions.
Halina Kucharczyk and Hanna Legutowska

Reducing spread of TSWV on ornamental plants by biological control of western flower thrips.
Jude Bennison, K. Maulden, I. Barker, J. Morris, N. Boonham, P. Smith, and N. Spence

Preliminary investigation on damage by Frankliniella intonsa to cotton in the Cukurova region of Turkey.
Ekrem Atakan and A. Faruk �zg�r

Determining the favourable sampling time for Frankliniella intonsa on cotton.
Ekrem Atakan and A. Faruk �zg�r

Developing methods for testing the resistance of white cabbage against Thrips tabaci.
Jozsef Fail and Bela Penzes

Establishing a weed host ranking for thrips vectors of tospovirus in La Plata horticultural belt of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Carrizo Paola I.

Thrips control on protected sweet pepper crops: enhancement by means of Orius laevigatus releases.
Tommasini M.G. and Maini S.


The biology of thrips is not the biology of their adults: a developmental view.
Gerald Moritz

Diurnal activity of New Zealand flower thrips on stonefruit in spring and at harvest.
G.F. Mclaren and J.A. Fraser

Ectoparasitism in thrips and its significance for tospovirus evolution.
Silvia Marisa Jesien Pinent, Laurence A. Mound, and Thiago J. Izzo

Chemical defence in thrips.
Gunter Tschuch and Gerald Moritz

Thrips as architects: modes of domicile construction in arid Australia.
David Morris and Laurence Mound


Impact of an introduced pest thrips on the indigenous natural history and agricultural systems of southern Italy.
Rita Marullo

Thysanoptera diversity: survey of the species occurring at Parque Estadual de Itapu�, Viam�o, RS, Brazil.
Silvia M. J. Pinent, Helena P. Romanowski , Luiza R. Redaelli

Hoplothrips carpathicus Pelik�n in Norway.
Sverre Kobro and Halvo Solheim

Temporal and spatial dynamics of thrips populations in mountainous meadows.
Liliana Vasiliu-Oromulu

The dynamics of the sex ratio index of thrips populations in mountainous meadows.
Liliana Vasiliu-Oromulu

The Thysanoptera Fauna of Brazil.
Renata Monteiro

On the occurrence of Thysanoptera in Poland.
Halina Kucharczyk and Irena Zawirska

Thrips from coloured water traps in Serbian wheat fields.
Ljiljana Andjus, Radoslava Spasic, and Milenko Dopudja

Thrips in Slovenia.
Stanislav Trdan

Eight species of Thysanoptera newly recorded from Italy.
Giorgio Ravazzi

Occurrence of glasshouse Thysanoptera in the open in the Netherlands.
G. Vierbergen


Identification of thrips using ITS-RFLP analysis.
Moritz G., Paulsen M., Delker C., Picl S. and Kum, S.

Genetic variation within and among populations of Aeolothrips intermedius.
Bayar K., O. T�rj�k, E. Kiss, G. Gyulai, and L. Heszky

Molecular polymorphism among populations of Frankliniella intonsa.
Gyulai G., K. Bayar, O. T�rj�k, E. Kiss, J. Kiss, Z. Szab�, and L. Heszky

Variation of Thrips tabaci in colour and size.
Tamotsu Murai and Satoshi Toda

The Thrips and Frankliniella genus-groups: the phylogenetic significance of ctenidia.
Laurence Mound